How To Differentiate Between Dengue and Viral Fever


First showers of monsoon are welcomed with gusto by everybody after experiencing the sweltering heat of summer. Everybody welcomes monsoon with jubilation and warmth as it gives respite from the blistering heat. But accompanied by joy, it leaves behind some problems and maladies that need to be tackled. Monsoons decrease the immunity of our body and make us vulnerable to many infections which are generally associated with this season. It is time for us to keep our body resistant against infections by enhancing our immunity and taking precautions against these ailments. The maladies associated with monsoon are jaundice, malaria, gastro intestinal infections such as typhoid and cholera. In addition to these, viral infections like cold and cough also make their manifestation felt. These diseases can mar the monsoon revelries. Mosquitoes are on upswing in monsoon and bring with them a swarm of illnesses. Thus, cases of malaria and dengue start bourgeoning. Puddles of water formed owing to rain become breeding grounds for mosquitoes which spread maladies like malaria and dengue fever.

Mosquitoes: A real nuisance!

What is the world’s most treacherous creature? As per many health studies, it is the mosquito. Mosquitoes and the infections they spread have slaughtered more folks than all the wars throughout the eternities combined. Mosquitoes pick their victims by gauging respired carbon dioxide, by aroma and the chemicals in a person’s sweat. Bulky individuals are often more eye-catching to mosquitoes because they are bigger targets and yield more mosquito attractants such as carbon dioxide and lactic acid. Dark clothing also invites mosquitoes. Many researches show that fascinatingly, only female mosquitoes feed on blood. With the Indian geographical territorial regions experience one of the wettest monsoons and summers in a while, mosquitoes usually emerge in this season in profligate percentage and more than a nuisance, they become a health concern for copious number of people.

The upsetting thing is that numerous monsoon-related ailments share similar symptoms (such as fever and body pain). Initially, it can be challenging to know what you are suffering from. Let us read further to know the difference prevalent amid the most common monsoon health ailments so that we can opt for the suitable treatment plan as soon as possible.

Is it dengue, malaria or normal viral seasonal fever?

At the present time, the most common reason to seek medical assistance is fever. Although most individuals are being affected by the seasonal viral fever, another viral fever dengue is making a big apprehension for them. Individuals often get confused whether it is a serious illness like dengue or just a seasonal illness. However, although the symptoms might be the same, there are some obvious differences in the way that they occur.

Viral fever

It is an intense fever that lasts for three to five days, convoyed by severe chills and body pain. In viral infection, one may have a runny nose, throat ache, minor body pain and weakness.

Dengue fever

This revolting disease in transmitted by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. Individuals with dengue fever, also known as break-bone fever, feel like they have a deep excruciating itching inside their bones. They feel as if being are on a roller-coaster ride of hot spells and chills. It is a fever that lasts for up to seven days frequently with a drop and then small reappearance towards the end (biphasic pattern), plus headache, enflamed and aching joints and then a rash. After the fever, the finger and toe joints can swell up and start hurting, accompanied by a pin-prick looking rash on legs, arms and torso.


Malaria is a contagious disease that targets the body’s red blood cells. Like dengue, malaria can be acquired from a bite of a diverse species of mosquito i.e. Anopheles species.


Dengue: Dengue is diffused by the bite of a plague-ridden Aedes aegypti mosquito. It can be further spread if another mosquito bites the diseased person and then spread it to other individuals. This dengue mosquito generally attacks during the day.

Malaria: Malaria is instigated by the bite of a female anopheles mosquito. It can only be spread by the bite of a female anopheles mosquito contrasting to dengue. The malaria mosquito habitually attacks at nighttime.

Viral fever: Viral fever is common with vicissitudes in weather. It can also be caused by poor hygienic and food habits, particularly during summers and rainy season.


Dengue: Dengue symptoms appear 4-5 days after being infected.

Malaria: Malaria symptoms appear 10-15 days after being bitten.

Viral fever: seasonal viral fever starts exhibiting its symptoms usually 2-3 days after being affected.


Dengue: Dengue fever hits the patient unexpectedly and remains for a long time. It is commonly convoyed with severe headache and bone pain. Dengue fever can wane soon but it generally resurfaces with skin rashes.

Malaria: Malaria fever keeps re-occurring in smaller duration and is convoyed with other symptoms like joint pain, sweating, vomiting, anemia etc. Malaria frequently befalls in the following stages: chills, heat and perspiration.

Viral fever: The affected folks experience mild fever, exhaustion, body pain and headache.


Dengue: Dengue can be comprehensively tested via a chemical process. The two tests that detect dengue are Antigen tests and Anti body test.

Malaria: Malaria is inspected by microscopic tests of the visuals of the virus.

Viral fever: It is diagnosed by a reliable physician through some tests detecting the presence of viruses in the body.

How do you get malaria?

Malaria is a protozoan septicity that is transferred by female Anopheles mosquitoes. These sneaky mosquitoes fly more inaudibly than other types and typically bite after midnight and up until dawn. The malaria protozoa burgeons in the liver and then in red blood cells of a disease-ridden person. Symptoms start appearing one to two weeks after being diseased. There are four categories of malaria: P. vivax, P. malariae, P. ovale and P. falciparum. The most common ones are P. vivax and P. falciparum, with P. falciparum being the most severe.

How do you get dengue fever?

Dengue fever is a viral infection that is spread by the tiger mosquito (Aedes Aegypti). It has black and yellow strips and usually bites in the early morning or at dawn. The virus enters and breeds in white blood cells. Symptoms typically start appearing five to eight days after being ill. The virus has five diverse styles of increasing severity. Infection with one category gives lifetime immunity to it and short-term immunity to the other categories. The dengue virus isn’t transmittable and can’t be spread from individual to individual. Maximum individuals will only experience mild symptoms such as an simple fever.

How do you get viral fever?

Viral fever is usually transmitted via the air by droplets from diseased folks, or by touching plague-ridden secretions.

Treatment options

Antimalarial drugs are accessible for the treatment of malaria and even seasonal viral fever; quite the reverse, there is no drug available for the treatment of dengue. It is treated with helpful measures such as blood transfusion and fluid restoration. However, the prescription used in malaria fundamentally depends on where the septicity was acquired and on the type of infecting parasite.

Homeopathic treatment helps!

Homoeopathy, being a holistic treatment, acts even as a deterrent element for rain-born aliments. But here too it is indispensable to customize each individual and decide the remedy. Legitimate dose considering the entire personality helps avert any kind of ailment, provided, you follow the other preventive measures.

Points to keep in mind

The categories and severity of both dengue fever and malaria are different. I had mild cases of both (including P.vivax malaria, contrasting to the life threatening P.falciparum). However, when dealing with malaria, you must get it treated as quickly as possible, before the parasite has a chance to affect a lot of red blood cells. Treatment of unfussy cases is relatively straightforward and simply comprises of taking a series of tablets.

As dengue fever is triggered by a virus, there is no particular treatment for it. Rather, treatment is focused towards addressing the symptoms. It might take account of painkillers, rest, and re-hydration. If you are fretful about the likelihood of catching any of these sicknesses, the most imperative thing to bear in mind is the climate. The occurrence of illness does differ every year and from place to place.

Malaria isn’t a real problem during the dry winters, but outbursts of it do befall during the monsoon, predominantly when it is raining persistently. The more severe falciparum strain of malaria is most active post monsoon. Dengue is most common during the few months after the rainy season, but also befalls in the monsoon period.

Did you know?

  • Dengue fever and dengue hemorrhagic fever are the most common mosquito-borne viral sicknesses across the globe
  • Only the female mosquito feeds on blood. This is because they require the protein found in blood to produce eggs. Male mosquitoes feed only on plant sap.
  • The mosquito is enticed to us by body odor, carbon dioxide and body hotness
  • The female Aedes mosquito is a day-biter, most energetic in dawn and dusk

Do’s and Don’ts

  • Seek timely doctor’s assistance.
  • Exfoliate your body with warmish water numerous times a day to lower the temperature
  • Drinking lots of fluids will help relax mucus and to avert dehydration. Drink water bit by bit for optimal advantage. Furthermore, consume clear soups, fruits juices or warm water frequently.
  • Take anti-pyretic drug like paracetamol until temperature go back to normal.
  • Antibiotics do not aid in viral fever. Do not take it unless recommended by a registered physician.
  • Do not take aspirin in dengue as it may cause more damage than advantage.

Five easy ways to inhibit breeding of mosquitos

  • Change water in vases or bowls every other day
  • Use sand granular insecticide
  • Confiscate water from flower pot dishes every other day
  • Clear blockages and put pesticide in roof drainages at least once a month

How to inhibit mosquitoes bites

  • Wear shoes, socks, long pants and long-sleeved tops
  • Use mosquito repellents, mosquito coils and even mosquito nets

Tips to upsurge body immunity and avert diseases of monsoon

The digestive system gets debilitated because of dehydration in summer. This results in low digestive power. This is further deteriorated by vitiation of doshas and dhatus attributable to monsoon. Hence following diets which upsurge power of digestion and fortify the digestive system would be advantageous in rainy season.

  • Light foods prepared of old barley, rice and wheat.
  • Sour and salty soups of vegetables.
  • Drinking boiled and cooled water merged with little honey.
  • Consuming pint-sized quantity of wine prepared of grapes.
  • Adding ginger and green gram in your everyday diet.
  • Eating warm foodstuff.
  • Always keep the surrounding dry and hygienic. Do not let water to get amassed around.
  • Keep your body warm as germs attack instantaneously when body temperature goes down.
  • Do not enter air-conditioned room with damp hair and wet cloths.
  • Dry your feet and webs with soft dry cloth whenever they are damp.
  • Wash veggies with clean water and steam them well to kill microbes.
  • Evade eating raw foods and salads.
  • Drink abundant water and keep your body well hydrated.
  • Do not permit children to play in stagnant, unhygienic water-filled puddles.

Avoid the following:

  • Sleeping in daylight
  • Over physical toil
  • Over revelation to sun.

Some home remedies for monsoon sicknesses

  • Apply castor oil or sesame oil for fissured feet and skin.
  • A freshly prepared paste of turmeric, neem and sesame seeds is suggested for fungal septicity between toes.
  • Drink a glass of lukewarm water blended with a teaspoon of honey in empty stomach. This washes down accrued toxins.
  • Freshly prepared radish juice is the finest remedy for cold.
  • A pinch each of long pepper powder and rock salt mixed in warm water decreases cough

So, follow all the above given essential guidelines and monsoon is yours to relish!

I am a creative content developer who loves to open up the doors of imagination and jot down her viewpoints on various topics so as to come up with something strikingly useful for the readers. For me, inscribing a swarm of my thoughts every day is just like giving a new, full-of- zip breath to my life. I am extremely passionate about writing on various health and fitness related topics (and a host of other things as well). The articles and blogs written by me find a good place in many of the renowned websites. Being a content writer instills a new confidence in me since it helps me to learn more and more about almost everything on this planet!